Congenital anomalies can be defined as structural or functional anomalies (for example, metabolic disorders) that occur during intrauterine life and can be identified prenatally, at birth, or sometimes may only be detected later in infancy, such as hearing defects.
According to an article published by the American Academy of Pediatrics, an estimated 3 to 4 percent of babies born in the United States have congenital anomalies that will affect the way they look, develop, or function — for the rest of their lives in most cases. This makes the job of a pediatric nurse in West Palm Beach, Florida important for the child to live a normal and healthy life.
Congenital abnormalities are caused by problems that occur during the fetus’s development in the mother’s womb. Our professional providers of pediatric home health in Orlando, Florida advice new moms and dads to have healthy and appropriate medical care before and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of preventable congenital anomalies.
Causes and Risk Factors
Although approximately 50% of all congenital anomalies cannot be linked to a specific cause, there are some known genetic, environmental and other causes or risk factors.
- Genetic Factors. This might be through inherited genes that code for an anomaly or resulting from sudden changes in genes known as mutations.
- Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors. Low income narrows the choices for parents in terms of nutrition for their unborn child.
- Environmental Factors. Working or living near or in waste sites, smelters or mines may also be a risk factor, particularly if the mother is exposed to other environmental risk factors or nutritional deficiencies.
For more information about congenital anomalies or our home care in Melbourne, Florida, you may set up an appointment with our employees here at Dynamiks Home Care, Inc. and get genetic counseling from our professionals!